The Flowing Time

Sinar matahari menerobos masuk diantara celah-celah kecil tirai ruang kelasku yang sudah sepi. Tirai hijau tua yang kini menari-nari seirama dengan hembusan angin dingin di penghujung musim gugur, musim yang akan aku rindukan sepanjang tahun. Karena setelah ini , tak akan aku temui lagi guguran dedaunan yang selalu memelukmu disepanjang perjanan menuju rumahku. Saat dedaunan dan bunga-bunga itu sudah tak tersisa lagi, maka hanya salju yang dingin yang akan menyapaku kemanapun aku melangkah, dan aku tak suka itu.

Aku masih duduk dibangkuku dengan tangan yang terlipat diatas meja, persis seperti saat aku menerima pelajaran dari guru-guruku. Hanya wajahku yang kini tertoreh ke samping, kearah jendela. Menikmati cahaya keemasan yang tak sedikitpun berkurang warnanya bahkan sejak pertama kali aku mulai menatapnya. Kumpulan debu tipis terlihat jelas berterbangan dengan lembut saat melewati cahaya lurus itu, entah kenapa itu terlihat indah, dan aku menyukainya. Mereka terlihat seperti kabut pagi hari, atau setidaknya aku bisa membayangkan bahwa setiap partikel dari debu-debu itu adalah sesuatu yang bernyawa dan bersayap.

Pandanganku kemudian beralih dari debu-debu dan cahaya yang sebelumnya menjadi fokusku , suara seperti detak jantung itu akhirnya membuatku menyadari sesuatu. Pukul empat sore, itulah yang tertera pada benda bundar yang tertempel di tembok tepat setengah meter diatas dua papan tulis yang memenuhi pemandangan depan ruang kelasku. Sudah dua jam aku disini, apa sudah waktunya untuk pulang ?.

Seperti yang aku bayangkan, guguran daun-daun maple menyambutku saat aku mulai menyusuri jalanan utama menuju rumahku. Hanya satu kilometer dan aku tak akan keberatan untuk menikmatinya sendiri disetiap pagi dan sore. Jalanan ini selalu sepi, dan akan jadi lebih sepi lagi saat sore, aku menyukainya saat tak ada seorangpun untuk berbagi kesunyian yang hanya terisi desiran angin ini. Anak-anak yang seharusnya pulang ke arah yang sama denganku kini mungkin sudah meringkuk diatas kasur empuk mereka, atau mungkin melakukan hal lain, yang pasti bau sekolah sudah tak tercium lagi dari mereka.
Kueratkan mantel musim dinginku yang selalu harus dipakai lebih awal dari pada seharusnya, pohon-pohon penghasil karbondioksida disekelilingku membuatku sedikit menggigil, namun tak ada hal yang harus dikeluhkan, karena beberapa hari dari sekarang, mungkin satu atau dua minggu lagi semuanya akan menjadi lebih dingin.

Jalanan desa mulai terlihat, masih dengan suasana yang sama namun kini rumah-rumah mulai bermunculan. Tanpa sadar aku menghembuskan nafas berat, menggumamkan hal yang sama setiap aku mulai merasakan kehidupan yang mendekat, “sendirian itu sangat berharga”.
Aku terus berjalan, masih beberapa ratus meter lagi sebelum aku sampai di rumahku, mungkin dua ratus, atau dua ratus lima puluh meter lagi, entahlah, tapi yang pasti aku sudah semakin dekat. Rumah pertama yang aku temui , yang sudah ratusan kali aku lewati seperti halnya rumah-rumah lainya, sebuah rumah dengan gaya minimalis namun elegan khas rumah perkotaan, paling mencolok diantara semua rumah sederhana di desa ini, rumah keluarga Jung. Entah sejak kapan langkahku menjadi lebih pelan setiap kali aku melewati rumah yang baru beberapa bulan dihuni ini, dan tanpa aku sadari aku selalu mengharapkan hal yang sama setiap melewatinya.

Aku tak mengenalnya, seseorang dengan mantel dan kaca mata yang selalu bertengger dihidungnya yang sempurna. Aku sudah pernah melihat pria tua yang orang-orang di desaku kenal sebagai Tuan Jung, seorang pria tua berusia enam puluhan dengan rambut putih dan wajah bersahajanya. Aku tak tau banyak tentangnya, yang aku tau hanya bahwa ia pindah ke desa kami dalam rangka pemulihan penyakit istrinya. Akupun tak tau istrinya sakit apa, aku tak terlalu peduli. Namun pria yang aku lihat beberapa waktu yang lalu terlihat sangat mirip dengan Tuan Jung, apa mungkin ia putranya atau keponakannya ?.
Aku cukup terkejut saat pertama kali aku menyadari bahwa sesuatu menarik perhatianku begitu besar, namun waktu berlalu dan semua terlupakan seperti halnya suara-suara hujan di malam musim panas, karena itu terasa seperti mimpi yang tak cukup berarti untuk dipikirkan. Aku tak melihatnya lagi untuk waktu yang lama, pria dengan mantel dan kaca mata, namun bebeapa hari lalu aku melihatnya keluar dari rumah keluarga Jung dan duduk di salah satu kursi taman di halaman rumah mencolok itu. Dan disinilah aku, berharap bisa melihatnya lagi hari ini.

Pintu rumah itu tak terbuka seperti biasanya, pagarnya yang rendah dan hanya berupa barisan kayu putih yang dipaku satu sama lain memungkinanku untuk mengetahui hal itu. Aku tak memandang kesana lagi dan mempercepat langkahku, ia tak disana.
.
.
Haaaaahhh…

Sebuah hembusan nafas, benarkah ?, sekali lagi lagi pemikiran dan tindakanku mengejutkanku, apa aku kecewa ?, tapi kenapa ?.
Seperti orang bodoh yang tak bisa melakukan banyak hal sekaligus, aku akan berfikir lalu menghentikan langkahku, apa pemikiranku membuat langkahku menjadi berat karena kepalaku berpindah menempel di kakiku ?, ahh itu konyol, tapi aku memang berhenti. Menunduk, menatap tanah yang berhiaskan bayangan pepohonan, terlihat indah batinku, sejenak melupakan alasan kenapa aku berhenti melangkah dan mulai mengagumi bayangan-bayangan abstrak yang memenuhi sepanjang jalan yang sudah dan akan aku lalui.

“Hei kau, gadis kecil!”

Sebuah suara, terdengar dekat…
Aku mengankat kepalaku, tapi aku tak ingin berbalik, sebuah suara langkah kaki yang semakin mendekat membuatku hanya berdiri diam di tempatku.

“Kau yang waktu itu kan ?”

Suara yang sama, suara yang terdengar berat, suara yang menyenangkan untuk didengarkan. Aku membalik tubuhku dan mendapatinya di sana, tanpa kaca mata kali ini, tapi aku mengenalinya. Matanya yang tajam menatapku dengan lembut, dan sebuah senyum terukir di bibir indahnya yang unik. Aku hanya menatapnya, tak berkedip dan tanpa bergerak sedikitpun, tak bersuara, membuat hembusan angin sore menjadi latar belakang yang tak terhindarkan. Waktu yang seakan berhenti, dan dedaunan yang tak pernah setuju akan hal itu, udara yang bebas, aroma matahari sore, semuanya bercampur, menyelubungiku dan aku tak punya kuasa atas tubuhku. Bukankah ini seperti di film-film, saat pemain utama jatuh cinta untuk pertama kalinya, dimana kau bisa melihat bahwa semua hal disekitarnya mendukungnya untuk merasakan perasaan itu.

Namun pada akhirnya kesunyian memenangkan pertarungan yang tak terlihat, ia benar-benar menguasai semuanya, sampai sebuah suara seolah kembali menggerakkan jarum jam yang sempat terhenti karena sebuah keterpesonaan.

“Kau menjatuhkan ini gadis kecil”

Sebuah gantungan kunci berbentuk beruang berwarna coklat, itu milikku, benda kecil yang lusuh. Tanpa aku sadari tanganku sudah meraba-raba bagian belakang ranselku, mencoba menemukan benda yang jelas-jelas kini ada di hadapanku, di tangan pria itu.
Laki-laki itu mendekat, hingga kini ia hanya berjarak setengah meter dariku, diangkatnya gantungan kunci itu sejajar dengan wajahku, dan sebuah senyum kembali terukir di bibir indahnya.

“Aku menemukannya di depan pintu pagar halaman rumahku, katakan…, apa kau mencariku gadis kecil ?”

Aahh, ini sore yang tak akan aku lupakan.
Perasaan ini, perasaan hangat yang menjalari tubuhku saat aku melihat wajah kecilnya diantara warna madu yang menyenangkan, aku tau itu akan bertahan selamanya.
.
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Tuhan, aku ingin memulai mengumpulkan kenangan dengannya , walau singkat sekalipun…
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Dan akupun tersenyum, perasaan luar biasa yang membuncah ini ingin segera dilepaskan…
“Ne, aku mencarimu”

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.

                                                            ~END~

WHERE RAINBOWS END SUMMARY CHAPTER 31-45

Rosie left her job, though Katie did not agree with her decision to move to Boston, while her parents try to persuade Rosie about her decision. Ruby is the only one who supports Rosie’s decision.

Brian, Katie’s biological father contacted Rosie back and hope Rosie and Katie want to forgive him and accept him. Rosie hesitated and finally decided to stay in Dublin, making Alex very upset with her.

Rosie and Katie finally met with Brian, and it made ​​her happy. Both are now back living at Rosie’s parents house by Rosie who do not have jobs.

Rosie was busy looking for a job because he had to move out of his parents’ house, because the house will soon be sold, her parent will travel the world to enjoy their old age.

While Katie was so fond of his father, because Brian has a night Club, and he hoped it could make it easier to realize her dream of becoming a DJ.

Rosie got a job offer, but she refused because she felt the job was not that good. She tells her situation to Alex, but it turns out that it was not Alex, Bethany online through Alex’s home computer, they are back together.

Rosie did not have a choice, now he lives in a Brian’s place for a while.

Alex admits to Rosie that he was dating Bethany again, and he said that he was happy with her. One night, Rosie is feeling bored visit a bar, where she met with several men, and Rosie who was drunk, began to tell about her life to the men she meet at the bar, including about Greg.  A few days later, she was reading a newspaper about the Greg’s house, which attacked by a herd of robbers, and he lost a lot of money. Rosie remembered back to her conversation with several men in the bar that night. And what makes Rosie was more surprised is, when a package containing €5000 suddenly at her kitchen table. Rosie wanted to report it, but Alex said no, Rosie finally donated the money.

Rosie and Katie finally moved out from Brian’s place, they moved into a small and cheap flat, and Rosie hates the place, she made a slight renovation to make it look better.

Suddenly Alex said that he wanted Rosie to have someone beside him and be happy, when Rosie asks why didn’t  Alex dumped Bethany yet, Alex replied that she was pregnant at this time. Bethany asks Alex to marry her, but Alex refuses on the grounds they need to know more, and it makes Bethany angry, causing Alex in a difficult situation regarding his job with Bethany’s father. But suddenly, Alex decides to marry Bethany, Rosie and Phil does not agree with the decision of Alex and tries to convince Alex that he made ​​the wrong decision, but it has ended up with the debate, Alex and Rosie never spoken to each other since then.

Alex and Bethany were married, and Rosie was not invited, at least that’s what Rosie thinks, because there was no invitation came to her. Life continues, Katie getting her first kiss and Rosie decided to continue her education, she took a diploma in Hotel business management.

After more than a year of silence, Rosie and Alex finally spoke again, Alex says that he has an invitation for Rosie at the wedding, but somehow, the invitation never came to Rosie.

After she underwent her studies for two years, Rosie will eventually face the final exam, but suddenly her father, Denis, had a heart attack and died. Rosie was forced to cancel the exam and had to repeat the whole year to get a diploma degree.

After a long summer in which all people leave Rosie with their busyness, Rosie finally managed to pass the exam. Likewise with Katie who completed her high school exams, both graduated with good grades. Rosie was placed in a hotel called The Grand Tower right after she got her diploma, and Katie spent time with his father to further her ability to be a DJ.

FINAL CCU-COMPARE AND CONTRAST NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION OF LOMBOK AND KOREAN CULTURE

FINAL ASSIGNMENT OF CROSS-CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING

COMPARE AND CONTRAST NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION OF
LOMBOK AND KOREAN CULTURE
 

LANA NUZHATUN

E1D-011-040

IVB-REGULER PAGI

THE FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

MATARAM UNIVERSITY

2013

INTRODUCTION

As a social beings, of course, we cannot live without others, we will always need the help of others in many ways, because there was never one single person who can live alone in this world. That is why communication is so important for us, because in a way we could convey the intent to communicate with each other. As we know, in our daily lives, there are two types of communication that we normally use, namely verbal and non-verbal communication. Verbal communication is communication that is generally used by everyone in all over the world, that is the use of language as a communication means. Or we could say that verbal communication is communication that uses words symbolized by language. While nonverbal communication is communication without language.

Nonverbal communication is a kind of signaling to others who already understand the meaning of the cues that we give them. Non-verbal communication can be more difficult than verbal communication. Why, because if one is not careful in the use of non-verbal communication, it can cause a problem for him. Background and cultural differences are the cause of this, the use of non-verbal communication that does not appropriate can cause misunderstanding in the communication process. That’s why understanding non-verbal communication is crucial to success when communicating across cultures. Non-verbal communication is communication that conveys meaning without words. Researchers have estimate that 85 percent of all communication is non-verbal, with the importance of this type of communication varying widely across cultures.

In this paper, I will compare and contrast the meaning of non-verbal communication that exists in Lombok culture with nonverbal communication that exists in Korean culture. Because both cultures are the same in having their own distinctive way in communicating non-verbally, sometimes we can find similarities and also the differences between them. And by knowing it, it can help us in communicating with the Koreans. If we know and understand about non-verbal communication that they use, even though we do not understand their language, we still can catch a bit of the meaning of non-verbal communication that they do, so it can facilitate the communication process.

DISCUSSION

There are various types of non-verbal communication that exist in this world, of which the most common is non-verbal communication through eye contact, facial expressions, hand gestures, the use of physical space, and Rhythm Of Language. Of course there are many other types of non-verbal communication, but not every type of it can be generally accepted by all cultures. For example, although a particular non-verbal communication is common and acceptable in Korea, but we cannot be assured that it will be accepted by Lombok culture or by any other cultures as well, and vice versa. Here we will discuss one by one comparison and the difference between a non-verbal communication in Korea and in Lombok.

1.     Eye Contact

In Lombok culture, eye contact with our interlocutors is not prohibited. In fact, it is not really considered in communication in Lombok culture. The people of the same age will probably often do this kind of non-verbal communication, as it is considered as a sign that we respect our interlocutors. The eye contact indicating that we give our full attention to what is being said by our interlocutors. However, what often happens is, young people would prefer to avoid eye contact with the older, even though it is not considered to violate decorum in Lombok culture. While in Korea, direct eye contact is seen as a lack of politeness.  Eye contact with older people or between junior and senior among businesspeople should be avoided. This is seen as impolite or even can be considered as a challenge.

2.     Facial Expression

In addition to its natural beauty, Lombok is also very famous for its hospitality and courtesy inhabitants. It was none other than because of courtesy and friendliness is part of their culture. But even so, in some respects, people in Lombok are quite different from with people in general. People in Lombok are not used to saying “thank you” in response to the present or help of others on them. But that does not mean they are not grateful, they are thanking in other ways, that is through non-verbal communication such as facial expressions. They showed their gratitude by showing countenance beaming, and smiling with sometimes bowing their bodies in order to show their gratitude. While in Korea, too much smiling is related to shallowness. Another expression that is often used both in Korean and in Indonesia was nod. In Indonesia nodded interpreted as consent forms, whereas in Korea nodded your head once is a form of greeting.

3.     Hand Gestures

Hand gestures is one of non-verbal communication is often used by everyone, including the people of Indonesia and Korea. Both also have similarities as well as differences in this kinds of non-verbal communication. There are some kinds of hand gesture such as :

a. Thumb up and thumb down

People of Indonesia and Korea are both doing thumb up and down as a form of non-verbal communication, but both turned out to have very different meanings. In Indonesia, in any area, thumb down has a negative meaning. The motion indicates that we are bad judge or underestimate something, but it’s the contrary in Korea, directs the thumbs down means that we are the best, and show that we are the number one, it also mean that  we are the boss. It is contrary to the meaning of this non-verbal communication in Indonesia, so if we do not know about this, maybe we would misinterpret non-verbal communication that they do.

b.     Pointing

In Lombok, when we want to point to something, we have to do it using our thumb, with the rest of the other fingers clenched like grasping movement. It is considered the most courteous manner and in accordance with the manners of the people of Lombok. While Korean use their point finger. In Lombok, when people point their self, they put their open hand in their chest, while Korean do it with pointing to his chest with their thumb.

c.      Wave Hand

In Lombok culture waved his hand with the palm facing outward with the vertical movement means ‘goodbye’, while in Korea it means inviting people to come closer. To wave goodbye, Koreans wave their raised forearm side to side and palm facing out.

d.     Greeting

As a form of greeting, Indonesian people generally use handshakes and kisses on the cheek, while in Korea bow and a handshake. In a handshake, there are also differences between Indonesia and Korea. In general, the younger person in Indonesian invites handshake, while younger person in Korean awaiting an invitation from the old handshake.

e.      Excusing

When passing someone who is more mature and respected, people in Lombok will be using the right hand and slightly bending over. While there is nothing like that in Korea.

f.        Small Gesture

  • To say they did not have money, the Koreans will bring together their thumb and their index finger and then move it. As for the people of Indonesia, it is considered to be a statement that people who do so are trivialize something, or think it’s something easy. For Indonesian people, to tell that he had no money, simply by combining his thumb with his index finger and then move it repeatedly.
  • In Korea, forming a circle with thumb and index finger means ‘money’, while in Indonesia, it means ‘done’.
  • In Indonesia, putting the index finger sloping against the forehead declared ‘insane’, whereas in Korea it is expressed by making a circle many times with the index finger on forehead.
  • Korean men count with his fingers folded sequence of the thumb toward the little finger with one hand, while the Indonesian by means of a hand opening thumb toward the little finger sequence with two hands.

g.      Negative Gesture

There is a sexual connotation between Indonesia and Korea in the use of fingers and hands. In Indonesia, it’s taboo to point the middle finger. In Korea, putting the thumb between the index and middle fingers on the same hand, or rubbing the palm of an open hand in a fist over the other, meaning sexual intercourse.

4.     The use of physical space

Toddlers in all cultures are like puppies in their use of physical space. They stand close enough to touch, roll around, and step on each others feet. As children grow, they are taught how to greet each other and how to maintain an appropriate conversational distance. These spatial customs vary widely across cultures; knowledge about use of space can influence the success of intercultural business communication.

a.      Greeting Behavior

People in Lombok, does not have greetings such as “Good Morning”. A Lombok people approaching a friend might ask, in the local language, ” How are you?, How’s your family?” simply as a form of greeting. Locals will frequently ask foreigners like this in English (it may be their only English!) as a greeting. Don’t get annoyed – they are just trying to be polite. A smile and a “hello”, or greeting in Indonesian, is a polite and adequate response. Differ from Korean people,  they are not nearly as nice as it is to everyone. They will only greet the people they know by saying “Anyong haseyo”, which mean hello. But sometimes, they don’t even say a word, and just nodding their head slightly for greeting, with no smile at all, even though they are know each other.

b.     Office Space

In Lombok, the workspace will usually be separated with the chief room, same thing applies in Korea. In Korea, the employees will occupy the room which also housed several other employees, who are separated by impermanent barriers for each table. Three or four tables will be put opposite each other, with a divider boards, and so on. While in Lombok, where the table would normally be set lined up lengthwise along the room without any barrier.

5.      Rhythm Of Language

Rhythm of language also vary depending on what the culture teaches. That is, the appropriate pause between a question and answer or a statement and response can differ widely. In some culture, verbal communication overlaps. In other cultures, there may be one second or several second between question and answer or statement response. The silence – or lack of it – is a powerful part of non-verbal communication.

Lombok people will usually speak gently. Lombok people will tend to belittle themselves in the talks of, and flatter his interlocutor. Meanwhile, the Korean way of speaking depending on whom they are talking. Their speech will sound harsh when talking to younger people, but it will be soft when talking to older people. Familiarity level also affects the rhythm of Korean people speaking. When they talking to people who do not get too close they will use the polite formal language, as well as adding a call that shows a sign of respect at the end of the name of their interlocutors, such as “sshi” or “nim”, “sshi” more common than “nim”, while “nim” is used for people who are respected, such as teachers or senior.

 

CONCLUSION

Humans communicate in various ways, which emphasize or deny what he said through words or even without words, or what we call by verbal and nonverbal communication. Differences in culture and background makes a difference in the number of non-verbal communication between Korea and Lombok. Differences in culture and background makes a difference in the number of non-verbal communication between Korea and Lombok. That is why knowing non-verbal communication is really important for each people, because by understanding about it, our communication will be run well and getting success regardless of their culture. We can respect each other without different interpretation or miss conception about it. As the result, we are comfortable in doing communication though we are from the other culture or country.

REFERENCE

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonverbal_communication

http://nakeyiahenagan.wordpress.com/2013/02/01/nonverbal-communication-in-south-korea/

http://www.ediplomat.com/np/cultural_etiquette/ce_kr.htm

http://montonglebui.blogspot.com/2012/09/kata-salam-dalam-pergaulan-orang-sasak.html?zx=e292df7d606c758d

http://andriawati12.wordpress.com/2012/06/28/ccu-final-lombok-nonverbal-communication/

http://tutystarlet.wordpress.com/2012/06/27/compare-and-contrast-the-hand-gesture-and-eye-contact-in-nonverbal-communication-between-lombok-and-korean-culture/

http://lombok-network.com/general_info.htm

http://lombok-culture.blogspot.com/2007/08/l-ombok-is-regarded-as-one-of-most.html

Kim.Geung.Seob.komunikasi antara budaya korea dan indonesia

Reynolds-Valentine. Sara-Deborah.2004.Guide to Cross Cultural Communication. :New Jersey

 

Should i tell you the name of this beach ?

Pantai Ampenan_Lombok_2013-05-21

Baiklah, aku rasa aku akan menambah satu katagori baru, aku mengambil foto ini beberapa saat lalu, dan entah mengapa aku sangat menyukainya. Itu sore dengan sunset berawan di pantai yang kotor, tapi setidaknya aku suka awan-awan itu, walau sebenarnya akan lebih indah tanpa mereka.

Aku mengambil foto ini dengan kamera ponselku, dan hasilnya tak terlalu buruk aku rasa. Sebuah perjalanan dengan teman-teman memang seharusnya menghasilkan sesuatu untuk diingat, entah itu tempat yang dekat atau jauh, kau tetap harus pandai mengabadikan momen bukan. Aku tak yakin dengan menunjukan foto-foto lainya, maksudku fotoku dan teman-temanku, kami tak terlihat begitu baik disana. Saat itu sudah benar-benar sore dan cahaya tak terlalu mendukung, jadi aku rasa aku tak bisa mendapatkan yang lebih baik dari ini, mungkin lain kali. Aku harap selanjutnya bisa mendapatkan gambar-gambar bagus lainya XD.

Sudah lama aku tak kepantai ini, ada yang terasa aneh di dada dan perutku saat menginjakan kaki disana, melihat pemandangan yang sama, dan menghirup udara yang sama seperti yang lebih dari setahun lalu aku hirup. Bukan berarti itu adalah hal yang buruk, atau masih ada sesuatu yang mengikatku dan menghalangiku untuk merasa bahagia, hanya saja kau tak punya pilihan untuk tak mengingat kembali saat kau duduk bahkan di tempat yang sama.

Tak ada Judul…

Waktu berhenti dalam dunia-ku…

Semua melambat dan kulihat kelemahanku…

Aku terbiasa dengan diam-ku…

Berbicara hanya melukaiku.. Continue reading

WHERE RAINBOWS END SUMMARY CHAPTERS 26-30

Rosie tells Alex about her decision to refuse promotion offered to her. Alex said that he did not want Rosie to be the only one who should bear the burden.

Alex then told about the lecture he attended lately, also about the surgeon who gave the lecture, which apparently is Reginald Williams, the father of Bethany Williams, who was none other than Alex’s ex-girlfriend. Continue reading

WHERE RAINBOWS END SUMMARY CHAPTER 21-25

Alex asked Rosie if she was happy, and Rosie said that she was happy and wanted Alex to not worrying her, but it seems that just reinforce what Greg said to Alex. But the deepest still kept by herself, Rosie tells her doubts about her decision to accept Greg back on Stephanie, and Stephanie said that Rosie should do what makes her happy. Continue reading

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